Vitamins and Minerals for Layer Poultry

Vitamins and Minerals for Layer Poultry

Vitamins and Minerals for Layer Poultry is  essential for optimum health as well as normal physiological functions such as growth, development, maintenance and reproduction of layer poultry. As most vitamins cannot be synthesized by poultry in sufficient amounts to meet physiological demands, they must be obtained from the diet. Vitamins are present in many feed stuffs in minute amounts and can be absorbed from the diet during the digestive process. If absent from the diet or improperly absorbed or utilized, vitamins are a cause of specific deficiency diseases or syndromes.

Vitamins and minerals are active substances, essential for life of poultry. They belong to the micro nutrients and are required for normal metabolism in layer poultry.

Vitamins and Minerals for Layer Poultry have been divided into two groups based on their solubility in lipids or in water. The fat-soluble group includes the Vitamins A, D, E and K, while vitamins of the B complex (B1, B2, B6, B12, niacin, pantothenic acid, folic acid and biotin) and vitamin C are classified as water-soluble. Fat-soluble vitamins are found in feed stuffs in association with lipids.

The fat-soluble vitamins are absorbed along with dietary fats, apparently by mechanisms similar to those involved in fat absorption. Water-soluble vitamins are not associated with fats, and alterations in fat absorption do not affect their absorption, which usually occurs via simple diffusion. Fat-soluble vitamins may be stored in the animal body. In contrast, water-soluble vitamins are not stored, and excesses are rapidly excreted.

It is now well recognized by the feed industry that the minimum vitamins and minerals for layer poultry levels required to prevent clinical deficiencies may not support optimum health, performance and welfare of poultry. The reasons for this are manifold; the productivity of poultry farming continues to grow through genetic improvement of the breeds and through modifications in nutrition, management and husbandry, which considerably increase the demand for vitamins.

Furthermore, intensive poultry production may generate a certain level of metabolic, social, environmental and disease stresses, causing sub-optimal performance and higher susceptibility to vitamin deficiencies. The contamination of the feed with mycotoxins and vitamin antagonists can limit or even block the action of certain vitamins. Any of these factors, ranging from the animals’ genetic background and health status to management  and the composition of the diet, can separately or collectively affect the need for each vitamin.

As intake and utilization of vitamins from natural sources is unpredictable owing to differing contents of vitamins in the feed stuffs (dependent on growing climate and harvesting time of crops, processing and storage conditions of feed ingredients) and variable vitamin bio availability, it is safer to cover the total requirement of vitamins and minerals for layer Poultry through dietary supplementation.

More than ever before, the layer poultry industry is currently facing the challenge to improve productivity in order to remain competitive in today’s cost-driven environment. Fortunately, high-performing layer breeds with improved performance pattern, optimized feed conversion capabilities and favorable health characteristics are available. But in order to allow the birds to perform up to their genetic potential, their nutrition and especially their vitamin supply needs to be optimized. In particular, B vitamins are required for efficient nutrient utilization, and together with vitamin A are important to support the hens’ metabolic activity for maintenance and high laying performance.

Furthermore, both Vitamins C and E i.e Grow E-Sel to improve the birds’ resistance to stress, and help sustain health and longevity. Specific benefits related to superior egg quality can be achieved if supra-nutritional levels of Vitamin E i.e Grow E-Sel are added to the feed of laying hens. And finally, considerable Vitamin D and Calcium i.e. Grow Cal D3 activity is required in order to support an adequate skeletal development and to avoid leg problems of various origins.

The optimum vitamin supplementation levels  for layer poultry are given in the table below.

Poultry Layer Farming Management

You should also read  Nutrients for Layers & Broilers.

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Calcium for Cattle

Grow-Cal D 3 
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Powerful Calcium for Cattle & Poultry with Extra Zinc Magnesium.

Composition : Each 100 ml contains:

Calcium Organic : 1650 mg
Vitamin D 3 : 8,000 I.U.
Vitamin B 12 : 100 mcg
Carbohydrate : 40000 mg
Phosphorus : 850 mg
Zinc : 90 mg
Magnesium : 300 mg

Indication & Benefits :

  • Increases milk production & optimizes fat level in milk in cattle.
  • Improves skeletal and muscular strength in cattle.
  • Prevents milk fever and rickets in cattle.
  • Increases disease resistance & heals any cuts & wounds quickly in poultry & cattle.
  • Improves overall growth & hatchability in broilers, breeders & layers.
  • Improves egg production and egg shell strength in poultry.
  • Prevent leg weakness in broilers, breeders & layers.
  • Making stronger bones & prevent bones related disease in cattle and poultry.
Dosage :
For Cattle:
Cow, Buffalo and Horse : 50 – 75 ml daily.
Calf, Foal and Pig : 20 – 25 ml daily.
Sheep, Goat and Pig : 5-10 ml daily .
For 100 Birds :
Growers and Broilers : 20 ml. daily.
Layers and Breeders : 30 to 40 ml. daily.
Should be given daily for 7 to 10 days, every month or as recommended by veterinarian.

Packaging : 500 ml., 1 ltr. & 5 ltr.

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poultry vitamin-b complex, animal vitamin

Grow B-Plex
ग्रो बी-प्लेक्सBuy Now Growel Products.

An Strongest Vitamin B-Complex with Vitamin E ,Vitamin -C,Amino Acids & Minerals.

Composition: Each 5 ml contains

Vitamin B 1 : 10 mg
Vitamin B 2 : 3 mg
Vitamin B 6 : 2 mg
Vitamin B 12 : 20 mg
Vitamin C : 200 mg
Vitamin E : 100 mg
Methionine : 20 mg
Lysine : 30 mg
Niacinamide : 80 mg
Calcium Pantothenate : 3 mg
Biotin : 30 mg
Choline Chloride : 20 mg
Iron : 400 ppm
Copper : 3 ppm
Cobalt : 5 ppm
Manganese : 200 ppm
Iodine : 10 ppm
Magnesium : 60 ppm
Zinc : 70 ppm
Molybdenum : 4 ppm

Indication &  Benefits:

  • Stimulates natural immunity & protects liver & kidney.
  • Prevent leg weakness, fatty lever syndrome & emaciation (loss of fat tissue) in poultry.
  • It improves growth and production & brings vitality back in animals and birds.
  • Improve poor feathering and nervous disorders.
  • Improve egg production, egg weight & egg quality.
  • Improve hatchability & reduce mortality.
  • Prevent embryonal malformations & death of embryos in the shell.
  • Improves fertility, hatchability in female breeder.
  • Improves semen quality in male breeder
  • Improves carcass quality.

Dosage :
For 100 Birds :
Growers and Broilers : 8-10 ml. daily.
Layers and Breeders : 10-15 ml. daily.

For Cattle:
Cow, Buffalo and Horse : 50-60 ml. daily.
Goat, Sheep ,Pig & Calf : 25-30 ml, per day.
Should be given daily for 7 to 10 days, every month or as recommended by veterinarian.

Packaging :500 ml. 1 ltr. & 5 ltr.

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