Poultry Nutrition Guide

Poultry Nutrition GuidePoultry Nutrition Guide is describing the nutrients requirements for layers & broilers,nutrient levels in the feed ,amount of feed consumed & quality of feed supplements.Poultry Nutrition Guide for a better profitability of  layers & broilers farming has been outlined below.

Poultry Feed Consumption:

There are a number of factors that influence voluntary feed intake (discussed in the section on feed intake). Table 1 provides data on typical feed consumption for modern brown-egg laying hens in relation to target body weight. From Week 18, hens start to enter their laying period, reaching peak of lay around 32 weeks of age, and typically maintaining egg production until 65-68 weeks of age. Feed intake will increase to a steady level of 100-105 grams per day and hen body weight will reach a mature level of 1700-1800 grams.

Table 1.

Body weights and associated feed consumption for a brown-egg laying breed during the growing period.

Age (wk) Body weight (g) Feed consumption (g/bird/day) Age (wk) Bodyweight (g) Feed consumption (g/bird/day)
1 70 13 10 870-970 56
2 115 20 11 960-1080 61
3 190 25 12 1050-1117 66
4 280 29 13 1130-1250 70
5 380-390 33 14 1210-1310 73
6 480-500 37 15 1290-1370 75
7 580-620 41 16 1360-1430 77
8 680-750 46 17 1500-1540 80
9 770-860 51

Poultry Nutrition Guide in Growing Period of Layers & Broilers :

Chicks require a diet that can provide the nutrients needed for rapid growth and feather development. Chicks are given relatively high levels of energy, protein and the vitamins and minerals for the starter period. Once the chicks are fully feathered their energy requirements are reduced. Feeding management for layer pullets aims to maintain a growth rate that will lead to the pullet reaching sexual maturity at the desired age while avoiding obesity. The stage at which a pullet will start laying eggs is affected by age, body weight and day length. On a percentage basis, layer pullet diets have lower energy and protein levels than chick diets. Different breeders recommend different feeding strategies for their birds, including the number of different diets fed during the pullet growing stage. Many breeders recommend a pre-lay diet that increases some of the nutrient levels, such as calcium, that will be required by the bird when it begins to lay eggs.

Table 2.

Table 2 provides data on typical poultry nutrition guide about nutrient levels for layer diets for the growing period.

Nutrient  Units   Starter
0 – 6 wks
Grower
6 – 12 wks
Developer
12 – 15 wks
Pre-Layer
15 wks – Prod.
Protein  % Min 20.0 17.50 15.50 16.50
Metabolisable Energy  Mj/Kg 11.5-12.4 11.5-12.6 11.3-12.4 11.4-12.4
Metabolisable Energy  Kcal/Kg   2750-2970   2750-3025   2700-2970 2725-2980
 Kcal/Lb 1250-1350 1250-1370 1225-1350 1235-1350
Lysine  % Min 1.10 0.90 0.66 0.80
Methionine  % Min 0.48 0.41 0.32 0.38
Methionine + Cystine  % Min 0.82 0.71 0.58 0.65
Tryptophan  % Min 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.19
Threonine  % Min 0.73 0.55 0.52 0.55
Calcium  % Min 1.00 1.00 1.00 2.75*
Av Phosphorus  % Min 0.45 0.43 0.42 0.40
Sodium  % Min 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18
Chloride  % Min 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18

*At least 30-65% of the added limestone should have a minimum particle size of 2250 Microns.

Nutrient Levels for Layer Poultry Diets :

The aim of layer diets is to optimise egg production (in terms of egg numbers, egg size or egg mass), provide the nutrition required to safeguard health and maintain the desired bodyweight. As with layer pullets, different breeders recommend different feeding strategies for their birds, including the number of different diets fed during the laying stage. Calcium is increased for egg shell formation. Table 3 provides data on typical nutrient levels for layer diets.

Table 3.

Examples of layer diets (at 100 grams per day intake level)

Nutrients Units 1-32 wks 32-44 wks 44-55 wks > 55 wks
Metabolisable Energy MJ/kg 11.60-11.97 11.41-11.97 11.20-11.97 10.68-11.83
kcal/kg 2770-2860 2725-2860 2675-2860 2550-2825
Crude protein  % 19.80 17.50 17.00 16.00
Lysine  % 1.02 0.93 0.89 0.83
Methionine  % 0.51 0.46 0.41 0.38
Linoleic acid  % 1.10 1.60 1.60 1.60
Calcium  % 4.40 4.25 4.50 4.75
Av.phosphorous  % 0.48 0.40 0.36 0.35

Poultry Nutrition Guide about Nutrient Requirements of Meat Chickens (Broilers) :

The intake of nutrients is defined by the nutrient levels in the feed and the amount of feed consumed. Nutrient requirements of meat chickens (broilers) are outlined below.

Feed Consumption and Body Weight :

There are a number of factors that influence voluntary feed intake. These are discussed in the section on feed intake. Table 4 provides data on typical feed consumption and bodyweight for modern broiler chickens in relation to age and sex.

Table 4.

Body weight and cumulative feed consumption for male and female broilers :

Male Female
Age  (weeks) Body weight (g) Cumulative
Feed Intake (g)
Body weight (g) Cumulative
Feed Intake (g)
0 40 0 40 0
1 170 150 165 145
2 450 480 420 460
3 865 1120 780 1030
4 1410 2020 1250 1825
5 2250 3200 1750 2830
6 2700 4500 2300 4020
7 3350 6000 2800 5400
8 3900 7400 3300 6800
9 4400 8800 3700 8200

Nutrient Levels for Broiler Poultry Diets :

Feeding strategies for broiler chickens will vary depending on the target market for the final product. Strategies for feeding broilers destined for the whole bird market will differ from strategies for broilers destined to be sold as pieces. Furthermore, the nutrient intake of fast growing broilers must be carefully controlled to prevent metabolic diseases such as ascites and leg weakness. Table 5 provides data on typical levels of selected nutrients for broiler diets.

Table 5.

Examples of broiler diets :

Nutrients Units Starter
0-10 days
Grower
11-24 days
Finisher
>25 days
Protein % 22-25 21-23 19-21
Metabolisable energy Mj/Kg 12.60 13.30 13.50
Kcal/kg 3010 3175 3225
Total Arginine % 1.48 131 1.11
Digestible Arginine % 1.33 1.18 1.00
Total Lysine % 1.44 1.25 1.05
Digestible Lysine % 1.27 1.10 0.92
Total Methionine % 0.51 0.45 0.39
Digestible Methionine % 0.47 0.42 0.36
Total Methionine +Cystine % 1.09 0.97 0.83
Digestible Methionine +Cystine % 0.94 0.84 0.72
Total Threonine % 0.93 0.82 0.71
Digestible Threonine % 0.80 0.70 0.61
Total Trypophan % 0.25 0.22 0.19
Digestible Tryptophan % 0.22 0.19 0.17
Total Valine % 1.09 0.96 0.81
Digestible Valine % 0.94 0.83 0.70
Calcium % 1.0 0.90 0.85
Av.phosphorous % 0.50 0.45 0.42
Sodium % 0.16 0.16 0.16

Poultry Nutrition Guide about Water Consumption Rates for Chickens :

Water is an essential nutrient for life. Water consumption can be limited if the water is too hot or is contaminated with excess minerals. Water and food consumption rates are interdependent, so reduced water intake can also lead to reduced food intake. There are other factors that affect water intake, with temperature being the most obvious one. For example, chickens drink between 30-50% more water when the environmental temperature is above 32oC compared with when it is 21oC.  Water intake is also affected by the type of drinkers used. The rule of thumb for water intake is that water intake is usually 1.5 to 2 times feed intake. Tables 6 and 7 provide data on typical water consumption levels for layers and broilers, respectively, at 21oC.

Table 6.

Typical daily water consumption for layers :

Production Stage Age/Rate of Production Litres of water per 1000 birds at 21oC
Layer pullet 4 weeks 100
12 weeks 160
18 weeks 200
Laying hens 50% production 220
90% production 270

Table 7.

Typical daily water consumption for broilers at 20oC (litres per 1000 mixed sex birds) :

Age (weeks)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Water Intake (litres) 65 120 180 245 290 330 355 370

Please be sure only sanitize water should  be given to chickens to sanitize water Aquacure is the best water sanitizer. For better profitability in poultry faming business you should follow this poultry nutrition guide. You should also read Vitamins & Minerals for Poultry

If you are into poultry related business & want to earn maximum profit in your business then please join our Facebook group How To Do Profitable Poultry & Cattle Farming ?

 

Amino Power -Poultry feed supplements ,cattle feed supplements, poultry growth promoterAmino Power
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It is an Unique Combination of 46 Powerful Amino Acids, Vitamins & Minerals .It is strongest amino acid for poultry & cattle with a remarkable result and quality.

Composition: Each 100 ml contains:

Histidine: 105 mg
Arginine: 156.6 mg
VITAMINS:
Vitamin A: 280000 IU
Vitamin D 3: 58000 IU
Vitamin E: 427.5 mg
Vitamin K 3: 28.7 mg
Vitamin B 6: 212 mg
Vitamin B 2: 417.5 mg
Vitamin B 1: 375.5 mg
Pantothenic Acid: 1530 mg
Vitamin B 12: 1.5 mg
Choline: 49.8 mg
Biotin: 0.2 mg
Folic Acid: 0.2 mg
Niacin Amide: 1066.7 mg
Vitamin C: 627.5 mg
Inositol: 0.2 mg
AMINO ACIDS
Methionine: 785.5 mg
Lysine: 399.6 mg
Histidine: 105 mg
Arginine: 156.6 mg
Aspartic Acid: 805.5 mg
Threonine: 304.3 mg
Serine: 317.5 mg
Glutamic Acid: 478 mg
Proline: 96.1 mg
Glycine: 712.5 mg
Alanine: 235.2 mg
Cystine: 99.5 mg
Valine: 215.9 mg
Leucine: 355.6 mg
Isoleucine: 225.5 mg
Tyrosine: 295.3 mg
Phenylalanine: 211.3 mg
Tryptophan: 54.8 mg
Lactic acid bacillus: 5526555 cfu
Yeast Extract: 600 mg
TRACE MINERALS:
Sodium Chloride: 153.8 mg
Manganese Sulphate: 124.9 mg
Magnesium Sulphate: 65.7 mg
Sodium Bicarbonate: 124.5 mg
Calcium Hypophosphite: 40.9 mg
Copper Sulphate: 150 mg
Potassium Chloride: 101.5 mg
Selenium: 50.2 mg
Sodium Citrate: 161 mg

Indication & Benefits :

  • A super & powerful tonic for faster & healthy growth ,diseases resistance,immunity building in poultry & cattle .
  • A complete tonic with Vitamins, Amino Acids & Minerals for poultry & cattle.
  • For correction of Vitamin ,Protein & Minerals nutritional disorders  in poultry & cattle.
  • Prevents early chicks mortality & infections .
  • For peak production, for egg mass, body weight and fertility.
  • It Improves egg production and overcome stress & mineral deficiency.
  • As an Instant energy booster after any stress & diseases.
  • It improves FCR & lowered feed cost in poultry & cattle.
  • For making DNA & RNA. and to maintain metabolism & health of the body cells.
  • It is very useful for better intestinal microflora management.
  • For the faster & healthy growth of Poultry,Calf and Goat.
  • Increases milk production & quality of milk in cattle.
  • Highly recommended animal tonic by veterinarian for poultry & cattle.
Dosage :
For 100 Birds:
Broilers : 10-15 ml.
Layers : 15-20 ml.
Breeders : 15-20 ml.

For Cattle:
Cow, Buffalo & Calf : 50 ml daily in the morning & evening.
Goat & Pig: 20 ml daily in the morning & evening.
Should be given daily for 10 days, every month or as recommended by veterinarian.

Packaging :  500 m.l. 1 ltr. & 5 ltr.

Download Literature.

 

poultry vitamin-b complex, animal vitamin, vitamin and minerals for poultryGrow B-Plex
ग्रो बी-प्लेक्सBuy Now Growel Products.

An Strongest Vitamin B-Complex with Vitamin E ,Vitamin -C,Amino Acids & Minerals.

Composition: Each 5 ml contains

Vitamin B 1 : 10 mg
Vitamin B 2 : 3 mg
Vitamin B 6 : 2 mg
Vitamin B 12 : 20 mg
Vitamin C : 200 mg
Vitamin E : 100 mg
Methionine : 20 mg
Lysine : 30 mg
Niacinamide : 80 mg
Calcium Pantothenate : 3 mg
Biotin : 30 mg
Choline Chloride : 20 mg
Iron : 400 ppm
Copper : 3 ppm
Cobalt : 5 ppm
Manganese : 200 ppm
Iodine : 10 ppm
Magnesium : 60 ppm
Zinc : 70 ppm
Molybdenum : 4 ppm

Indication &  Benefits:

  • Stimulates natural immunity & protects liver & kidney.
  • Prevent leg weakness, fatty lever syndrome & emaciation (loss of fat tissue) in poultry.
  • It improves growth and production & brings vitality back in animals and birds.
  • Improve poor feathering and nervous disorders.
  • Improve egg production, egg weight & egg quality.
  • Improve hatchability & reduce mortality.
  • Prevent embryonal malformations & death of embryos in the shell.
  • Improves fertility, hatchability in female breeder.
  • Improves semen quality in male breeder
  • Improves carcass quality.

Dosage :
For 100 Birds :
Growers and Broilers : 8-10 ml. daily.
Layers and Breeders : 10-15 ml. daily.

For Cattle:
Cow, Buffalo and Horse : 50-60 ml. daily.
Goat, Sheep ,Pig & Calf : 25-30 ml, per day.
Should be given daily for 7 to 10 days, every month or as recommended by veterinarian.

Packaging :500 ml. 1 ltr. & 5 ltr.

Download Literature

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