Layer Poultry Farming Guide For Beginners

Layer poultry farming means raising egg laying poultry birds for the purpose of commercial egg production. Layer chickens are such a special species of hens, which need to be raised from when they are one day old. They start laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They remain laying eggs continuously till their 72-78 weeks of age. They can produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of food during their egg laying period. For the purpose of producing hybrid eggs layer, consider the various characteristics  of cock and hen before breeding. There are various types of highly egg productive layer breeds available throughout the world.

Layer Breeds:

According to the nature and color of egg, layer hens are of two types. Short description of these two types are listed below.

  • White Egg Laying Hens: This type of hens are comparatively smaller in size. Relatively eat less food, and the color of egg shell is white. Isa White, Lehman White, Nikchik, Bab Cock BV-300, Havard White, Hi Sex White, Sever White, Hi line White, Bovanch White etc. are some popular white egg laying chickens.
  • Brown Egg Laying Hens: Brown egg laying hens are relatively larger in size. They eat more foods, compared to white egg layers. Lay bigger eggs than other laying breeds. Egg shell is brown colored. There are many types of brown layer available. Among those Isa Brown, Hi Sex Brown, Sever 579, Lehman Brown, Hi Line Brown, Bab Cock BV-380, Gold Line, Bablona Tetro, Bablona Harko, Havard Brown etc. are very suitable for commercial layer poultry farming.

Layer Hen Selection:

You have to keep in mind some essential information before selecting the layer hens for your poultry farming business. You have to select those breeds which are suitable for your layer poultry farming business and can produce well in your area. Read below for selecting proper breeds for your business.

  • For commercial eggs production, you have to chose highly productive laying hens correctly.
  • All type of hens do not produce equal number of eggs.
  • The chosen breeds must have to have good production capability.
  • If your chosen breed contain the desired characteristic and have a reputation for egg production, then that breed is suitable for your business.
  • Always purchase healthy chicks from a famous and popular hatchery. You can see their catalog before purchasing.

Keeping Chicks for Layer Poultry Farming:

During the first weeks after birth, many chicks do not want to drink water due to transporting them from one place to another. So you have to make adequate water drinking systems in their brooder house, and you have to train them for drinking water. Mix 5% glucose with water, so that they can easily get energy. Provide them any types of high quality multivitamin ie. Growvit Power by mixing with water . Multivitamin and electrolyte ie. Electral Energy are very effective when you transport chick from a long distance. It reduces tiredness and lack of water, and help to make the chick normal. You must follow Layer Poultry Medicine Schedule for the best production and the highest profit.

Vaccination and it’s Importance for Layer Poultry Farming:

Vaccination program is a must for chicks for keeping them free from all types of diseases. The main advantage of poultry vaccination are listed below.

  • Timely vaccination makes disease resistance power in the body of chick.
  • Help to keep the hen free from infective poultry diseases.
  • Disease prevalence will be less.
  • Mortality rate will reduce.
  • And low mortality rate = more production = more profit.

There are many types of poultry vaccines are available for layer hens. Marex, Ranikheth, Gamboro, Bruchaities, Bosonto, Salmonela etc. are used for layer chickens.

Before Vaccination of Layer Poultry:

You have to maintain some rules before vaccination.

  • Hold the chickens very carefully.
  • Vaccinate the chickens without any strain.
  • There is no need to vaccinate the ill hen.
  • Wash the vaccination equipments with hot boiled water or Viraclean
  • Do the vaccination program in cold weather condition.
  • Preventive vaccine is always applicable to healthy bird. Never vaccinate an infected bird.

Keeping Growing Chicks:

You have to maintain the suggestion listed below for keeping growing layer chickens.

  • You have to provide the growing chicks special care until they reach 4-5 weeks of age.
  • After brooding serve them good quality pellet feed. It will make good results in the future. They will produce egg highly. High quality pellet will make the chickens healthy and increase their body weight.
  • So it is very important to provide them quality pellet feed during growing period.
  • Follow the Layer Poultry Medicine Chart.

Egg Production  for Layer Poultry Farming:

Egg production from a Layer Poultry Farming depends on the care and farm management. If you take good care of your birds and manage them properly, then the production and profit will be high.

  • Withing the first 20 weeks of age, about 5% of hens start laying eggs.
  • About 10% birds start laying at their 21 weeks of age.
  • When they reach 26 to 30 weeks of age, they produce highly. Although, it may be different depending on their strain.
  • After laying a maximum number of eggs, they usually stop laying for a few days.
  • And after this period, their egg production might reduces slowly.
  • Egg laying rate and size of eggs increases gradually.
  • The hens grow till their 40 weeks of age.
  • Weight and size of eggs increases till their 50 weeks of age.

Method and Importance of Lip Cutting:

Cutting the lip of laying hens is very important. The main benefits are listed below.

  • Lip cutting help to reduce mutual fights.
  • It help to prevent food waste.
  • You have to cut your chick’s lip at their age of 8 to 10 days.
  • Cut the lip of growing chicken at their 8 to 12 weeks of age.
  • Cut the lip of chicks 0.2 cm from their nose.
  • Cut 0.45 cm in case of growing chickens.
  • Cut the both upper and lower lips.
  • Don’t cut the both lip together. Cut one after another.
  • Use block chick trimming machine to cut the lips.

Don’t cut their lip two days after or before vaccination, after or before using some medicines like sulfur. Don’t cut the lip if the hen in a strain, and during adverse weather conditions and if the hen start laying eggs.

Serve the chicken water mixed with vitamin “K” three days before cutting lips. Wash the lip cutting instrument with Viraclean. Test the edge and temperature of blade. You have to be careful, and don’t damage their eyes and tongue. Choose cold weather for cutting their lips. Lip cutting process should be observed by an experienced technician. After cutting lips, serve them water in a deep pot. Provide them some extra energy enriched feed.

Feeding for Layer Poultry Farming:

There are many companies available throughout the world, which are producing commercial feed  and feed supplements for layer chickens. You can buy feed from your local market or make the feed at your own house. You have to be sure that the feed  and feed supplements you bought are enriched with essential food value.

Protein,Vitamins and Mineral are very important for laying hens which is affecting the quality of eggs ,layer poultry fertility and layer bird's health

  • Provide 2% of calcium for two weeks after their birth.
  • If you notice they are not gaining expected weight, then you have to serve starter feed for eight weeks.
  • Serve feed two or three times in a day till their 18 weeks of age.
  • Demand of feed increase very fast when the birds start laying.
  • Serve them layer poultry feed according to their age and weights.
  • Don’t decrease the amount of feed while laying (even if their weight increase).

Water Management for Layer Poultry Farming:

Chickens health depend on the supply of pure, clean and fresh drinking water. You have to provide adequate water according to the demand of your laying hens. For purifying the water, mix Aquacure. Determine a suitable place to keep the water pot inside the poultry house. Supply cold water during summer season and hot weather, and slightly hot water in cold weather or winter season.

In accordance with the age and species of chickens, food providing can control the weights of chicken. Use sufficient calcium, phosphorus, vitamins, amino acid and other mineral substance in their food. If you follow the methods mentioned above, then you can make better profit from your layer poultry farming business.

Layer Farm Sequence:

A standard procedure is followed for the Layer Farm Sequence. This procedure starts when female chicks are raised into pullets for commercial egg production. This stage is called ‘rearing’, and there are several common rearing systems. Some farms raise layer chicks on a litter floor in a shed similar to a meat chicken shed. Other pullets are either finished off or reared entirely in wire-floored cages.

Brooding for Layer Poultry Farming:(Day-old to 6 weeks):

When a hen sits still for a prolonged period without eating or drinking normally, she is said to be ‘broody’. This is a normal process during which the hen stops producing eggs in order to incubate a nest full of eggs. When the eggs hatch the hen then cares for the chicks by keeping them warm and finding feed and water for them. Modern strains of chicken have been selected not to go broody so that more eggs are laid over a period of time.

When rearing chicks commercially the aim is to do the same thing as the hen. The stage of life when chicks need some additional heat is called the brooding stage. It lasts up to six weeks, depending on the temperature of the environment until the chicks can control their body temperature themselves. From day-old they usually receive chick starter feed which aims to ensure they have plenty of protein (19%) and energy for body growth.

Growing Layer Birds (6 to 20 weeks):

Once chicks can control their body temperature they still need to be protected from climate extremes. At this stage they receive pullet grower feed which is less expensive and contains only 15% to 17% protein and 7% less energy than the starter feed.

Beak trimming and some vaccinations are done during the grower stage to prepare the birds for their adult life as laying hens. Anything that limits growth at this time can affect their ability to lay well. However, excessive feeding at this time can be harmful, again leading to poor production.

Restriction to feed supply to birds during growing stops them from growing at a fast rate and results in both feed savings and increased egg production when the birds mature. Careful weekly weighing of the birds is essential to restrict body weight and work out how even the flock is growing. Breeding companies recommend what weight birds should be at each age.

Moving the Layer Birds:

Pullets are usually moved into their laying quarters, at 16-18 weeks of age, before they reach sexual maturity. This ensures that they are settled in before egg production begins. Handling birds at any time must be done with care to avoid injury. As pullets mature into laying hens they are fed a layer ration designed to enable them to perform best.

Adult Layer Birds (20 to/up to 78 weeks):

Adult hens are the real workers of the industry. For best performance they need to be fed carefully and kept in a house at 21-28oC. This means that hen houses are designed to keep as near as possible to this temperature year round. The hens are checked regularly to monitor their health and medicines may be administered as needed. Tinted egg strains usually require less feed (105g feed/hen/day) than brown egg strains (120g feed/hen/day).

The quality of feed provided to hens may be varied for the level of production. Hens can need more nutrients just before and during their peak production than at other times. This is called phase feeding. It can be economical to adjust rations for such high demand periods.

Egg Collecting and Grading:

Mechanical collection of eggs is common in modern layer farms. It takes about 26 hours for each egg to develop and each hen lays an egg a little later each day. This is not an exact thing and most eggs are laid in the morning. Eggs should be collected regularly and transferred from the hen house to an egg room where they are graded or checked for weight and for damaged shells. A sample of eggs is often broken open to check internal quality. Eggs are packed into cartons for 12 eggs or trays of 30 eggs for sale. Prices vary with egg size, so eggs must be separated on the basis of egg weight. This is done automatically by a machine called an egg grader.

Marketing of Eggs:

Eggs are stored in a cool room at about 13oC and transported in an insulated truck. Unfortunately, many shops selling eggs do not store them under ideal conditions. In the home and shop situation it is best to store them at normal refrigerator temperature (4-6oC). Marketing involves a range of prices, depending on the different sizes of egg, different brands, or other differences which attract particular buyers. Free-range and fat modified eggs are among the varieties available. You should also read Layer Poultry Medicine Schedule Chart

If you are into poultry related business & want to earn maximum profit in your business then please join our Facebook group How To Do Profitable Poultry & Cattle Farming ?

Chelated Minerals Supplements for cattle & poultryGrowmin Forte Plus
ग्रोमिन फोर्ट प्लसbuy poultry medicine online, buy veterinary medicine online, download cattle healthcare products

A Powerful Chelated  Minerals Supplements for Layer Poultry

Composition : Each 500 ml contains:

MHA : 128 gm
Choline Chloride : 64 gm
Lysine Hydro Chloride : 64 gm
Sodium : 450 mg
Phosphorus : 154  mg
Magnesium : 595  mg
Zinc : 216  mg
Ferrous (Iron) : 223 mg
Copper : 160 mg
Cobalt : 206 mg
Manganese : 385 mg
Indications & Benefits  :
  • Improve egg production, egg quality & egg shell quality.
  • To overcome minerals and amino acid deficiency.
  • To overcome leg weakness & summer stress.
  • Improve growth, hatchability & fertility .
  • Should be given in any kind of stress.
  • Improve body mass weight & FCR.
For Cattle:
  • To regularize reproductive cycle and to increase conception rate.
  • Prevents production failure related to nutritional deficiencies.
  • To overcome minerals and amino acid deficiency.
  • Improves fertility in female breeder.
  • Improves semen quality in male breeder.
  • Improves carcass quality.
For 100 Birds:
Broilers : 5-10 ml.
Layers & Breeders : 10-20 ml.
For Cattle :
Cow & Buffalo : 30-40 ml.
Goat, Sheep & Pig : 10-20 ml.
Should be given daily for 7-10 days ,every month or as recommended by veterinarian.
Packaging : 500 ml. , 1 ltr. , 5 ltr.
Amino Power -cattle feed supplements ,cattle feed supplements, cattle growth promoterAmino Power
अमीनो पॉवर

It is an Unique Combination of 46 Powerful Amino Acids, Vitamins & Minerals .It is strongest amino acid for layer poultry with a remarkable result and quality.

Composition: Each 100 ml contains:

Histidine: 105 mg
Arginine: 156.6 mg
Vitamin A: 280000 IU
Vitamin D 3: 58000 IU
Vitamin E: 427.5 mg
Vitamin K 3: 28.7 mg
Vitamin B 6: 212 mg
Vitamin B 2: 417.5 mg
Vitamin B 1: 375.5 mg
Pantothenic Acid: 1530 mg
Vitamin B 12: 1.5 mg
Choline: 49.8 mg
Biotin: 0.2 mg
Folic Acid: 0.2 mg
Niacin Amide: 1066.7 mg
Vitamin C: 627.5 mg
Inositol: 0.2 mg
Methionine: 785.5 mg
Lysine: 399.6 mg
Histidine: 105 mg
Arginine: 156.6 mg
Aspartic Acid: 805.5 mg
Threonine: 304.3 mg
Serine: 317.5 mg
Glutamic Acid: 478 mg
Proline: 96.1 mg
Glycine: 712.5 mg
Alanine: 235.2 mg
Cystine: 99.5 mg
Valine: 215.9 mg
Leucine: 355.6 mg
Isoleucine: 225.5 mg
Tyrosine: 295.3 mg
Phenylalanine: 211.3 mg
Tryptophan: 54.8 mg
Lactic acid bacillus: 5526555 cfu
Yeast Extract: 600 mg
Sodium Chloride: 153.8 mg
Manganese Sulphate: 124.9 mg
Magnesium Sulphate: 65.7 mg
Sodium Bicarbonate: 124.5 mg
Calcium Hypophosphite: 40.9 mg
Copper Sulphate: 150 mg
Potassium Chloride: 101.5 mg
Selenium: 50.2 mg
Sodium Citrate: 161 mg

Indication & Benefits :

  • A super & powerful tonic for faster & healthy growth ,diseases resistance,immunity building in poultry & cattle .
  • A complete tonic with Vitamins, Amino Acids & Minerals for poultry & cattle.
  • For correction of Vitamin ,Protein & Minerals nutritional disorders  in poultry & cattle.
  • Prevents early chicks mortality & infections .
  • For peak production, for egg mass, body weight and fertility.
  • It Improves egg production and overcome stress & mineral deficiency.
  • As an Instant energy booster after any stress & diseases.
  • It improves FCR & lowered feed cost in poultry & cattle.
  • For making DNA & RNA. and to maintain metabolism & health of the body cells.
  • It is very useful for better intestinal microflora management.
  • For the faster & healthy growth of Poultry,Calf and Goat.
  • Increases milk production & quality of milk in cattle.
  • Highly recommended animal tonic by veterinarian for poultry & cattle.
Dosage :
For 100 Birds:
Broilers : 10-15 ml.
Layers : 15-20 ml.
Breeders : 15-20 ml.

For Cattle:
Cow, Buffalo & Calf : 50 ml daily in the morning & evening.
Goat & Pig: 20 ml daily in the morning & evening.
Should be given daily for 10 days, every month or as recommended by veterinarian.

Packaging :  500 m.l. 1 ltr. & 5 ltr.

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  1. Thanks for the information on benefits of poultry farming. Very well written and worth reading this article. Hope to see more in coming days. Reading your article was really helpful for my own business.

  2. Hi I am Hemraj from Ilam Mangalbare Nepal , I start chicken farming for egg production , layers chicken , i have now 1500 chicken , laying eggs at present 28 weeks , but the production rate of eggs very low which is 53% only and if goes same situation i may have doubt that i will be in loss so kindly advise for this for my coming days , and steps i need to follow kindly advise.

    • Dear Hemraj Shankar ,

      Please read the books & articles related with poultry farming published on our website .

      Please follow the Layer Poultry Medicine Chart as per given at the following link . If you will follow the Layer Poultry Medicine Schedule Chart this will not only improve the egg production but the quality of eggs will be also improved dramatically .

      There lots of poultry farmers are benefited worldwide after following our Broiler Poultry & Layer Poultry Medicine Schedule Chart.

      Thanking You !

      Growel Agrovet Private Limited.

  3. Dear Concern Good Morning From your relative country Nepal, Im Krishna Bashyal age 31, I would like to do Poultry Business so please can you guide me properly.
    thank You.

  4. I want to start this buissens but I have no knowledge because I were not doing and nor training any where , please advise

  5. I want to start this buissens but I have no knowledge because I were not doing and nor training any where .I have a big problem I am poor I have only 6 lack s rupee only. I am live in up near gorakhpur and I want to start at this place .

  6. hi…….this is sidhu
    i am from vellore …i have a plan to start an poulitry farm for 50000 layer breeding chickens
    and i have an major doubt ..that is many eggs can lay by an individual chicken for an
    life time…and also i want to know approximately how much cost will being to instal..(for 50000 birds) .reply soon plz

  7. I want to start layer polutry farming. So I need more guidliness about required area, construction of shade in north (Haryana, India).
    So requested to guide more.
    Current artical is very helpful for learning.
    So thanks for it also.
    I waiting for your positive response.

  8. This is indeed a nice work by you guys, specially in developing country like India we need these type of consulting firms. Thanks a lot.

    I want to setup a layer farm in north and east UP and I need your help, If you can provide some insight on below points it will be great help for me .
    1. Training Center : Can you suggest me some train center where I can practical training on layer farming.
    2. Area/Land : One of the site area has history of flood. In raining session this area used to get flood water which stays upto 2-3 days. Will there be any adverse effect on birds because of flood water even though flood water is not reaching upto farms.

  9. I want to start poultry farm bussiness, need total guidence start from finance to production, contct 9922912338

  10. I really appreciate this great work of yours. Am in Nigeria, I want to start my poultry farm with 400 layers. Kindly guide me the more. Thanks. Am Ezekiel Olawale.

  11. I want start polltry Lear farm but I have no information about government policy
    Can give me about any government policy & nabard

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